Category Archives: Medicine

What is Ebola?

Ebola VirusEbola is one of the most life threatening disease in existence. Previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused by the infection with one of the various strains of Ebola. It causes diseases in both humans and non-humans but is only restricted to primates.
There are five identified strains of the Ebola virus that pose a threat to the human being. These are the Sudan Virus, Ebola Virus (Zaire Ebola virus), Tai Forest virus, Reston virus and the Bundibugyo virus. First discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in the present day Democratic Republic of Congo, the viruses have since spread and are now found in various African countries. Since its discovery the natural reservoir hasn’t been identified though it is generally believed to be animal borne.
Signs and symptoms.
There are various symptoms that indicate the infection of a human being by the Ebola virus. The symptoms include;
• Fever.
• Muscle pain.
• Severe headache.
• Weakness.
• Fatigue.
• Abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting.
• Unexplained hemorrhage.
These symptoms may appear anytime between 2- 22 days after contact or exposure to the virus. It is possible to recover from the virus but this largely on the speed of response, the clinical care you get and the patient’s immune system.
Transmission.
As earlier pointed out. The natural reservoir host of the Ebola virus has not been identified and therefore the first appearance in human beings at the onset of the outbreak is unknown. Scientists however believe that the first patient came into contact with the virus during a spill over event, that is, contact with a host. The virus will then spread from here to other humans through contact. This can happen through broken skin, mucus and other bodily fluids.
The Ebola virus is not spread through the air, neither is it waterborne nor food borne. There is no evidence that it can be transmitted by mosquitoes but it can surely be transmitted through handling bush meat …

People with mental disabilities twice as likely to have heart disease or stroke.

There is a significance likelihood for people with mental disabilities to get stroke or heart disease. This risk is even more profound among people with mental health diseases. According to recent studies released at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress, it was established that:
• People with a history of psychiatric medication use are twice as likely to have heart disease as compared to those that have not.
• People who have never developed heart disease or had stroke have a likelihood of being at long term risk or developing cardiovascular complications as compared to the general populace.
• Individuals who have never had a heart disease will most likely develop a heart complication or a stroke.
• It has also been said that people with psychiatric issues can also have other health issues due to neglect link obesity, skin cancers and even dental issues (according to Zest Dental Ringwood).
Study sample.
This study was done on a selective sample of the population and included people that had mental conditions such as bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, major depression, and schizophrenia among others. In addition to that, a study was also done on users of psychiatric drugs such as antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, mood stabilizers and benzodiazepine.
Why the elevated risks?
The question is why there is more prevalence among people with these conditions than the general public.
Primarily, individuals with mental disorders more often than not show behavioral risk factors such as poor diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use. The study for instance shows that about 50-90% of people with mental health disorders use tobacco as compared to 20% of the general population.
Another issue that contributes to increased risk is that Psychiatric medication can trigger weight gain by incapacitating the breakdown of sugars and fats in the body. This can lead to diabetes, high cholesterol levels and obesity.
There is limited access to proper health care by people with mental health conditions. This is because the individual might fail to …

Brain Health

Much is said concerning the body and why it is important for us to keep it healthy. In the healthy living arena, tips are given on how to become fit, shed weight and stay toned, however, nothing or very little is said about the brain. This organ is as important as any other in the body if not more important and therefore should have more attention given to it health wise.

Building stronger brains

Building stronger brains can guarantee better and prolonged brain health and performance. Brain stimulation triggers creation of new neural connections and pathways. These are used as accounts that one can draw on at a later time. People with sharper brains are known to stimulate and challenge their brains every now and again.
A significance difference can be made to your brain health and performance by exposing it to a variety of diverse and complex stimulating activities.
The concept of brain plasticity is engrossed here, which touch on the ability of your brain to reorganize itself in response to anything that may be required of it. A brain with a strong reserve is one that has formed many connections and is rich in brain cell density. A strong reserve will translate to slowed mental deterioration that can result from age and disease such as Alzheimer’s disease.
A health brain therefore is a dense maze of cellular connections. Think of these connections as a lush and vibrant forest. Age and disease can therefore be represented as weeds which invade the brain and starts to destroy the cells. It will take the weeds a very long time to destroy the jungle as opposed to what it can do on a patch of land with lesser vegetation.

Enhance your memory

Needles to mention, our memories have a direct effect on how we live and function from day to day. Our daily lives heavily rely on our memories. This means that we can be effective in what we do if our …

Pros and Cons of Vaccination.

images (1)The subject of vaccination is one that has its fair share of controversies. Many people, both beneficiaries and those that dispense the service argue and discuss on whether it is necessary, safe or at all beneficial to have vaccines against the many diseases. At the end of the day, we can only really look at the advantages and disadvantages of this practice then leave it to the individual to have their opinions.

Vaccination is generally the introduction of a germ into the body of an individual so that the body will be immune from contracting the disease it is immunized against. This is done by infecting the body with a weakened version of the pathogen which is being immunized against. The body will naturally produce a defense mechanism to fight this intrusion. After the body has fought the threat, the anti-bodies remain in the system thus creating an immunity against a said disease.

The Pros.

  1. Most medical doctors and other healthcare professionals are positive about what has been achieved through vaccination in preventing and eradication a number of life threatening diseases. The pros are weighty enough to be considered. Here are some:
  2. Prevention of disease is one of the most important advantages of vaccination. Whether going in disease prone areas or just getting a vaccine during childhood, vaccination has really done much to prevent diseases like polio, whooping cough and various types of fevers.
  3. Disease eradication. Vaccination programs have been carried out extensively and have totally eradicated life threatening diseases from the human race. It is more than the vaccinated protecting the unvaccinated because here, the threat is done away with completely.
  4. A lot of money has been saved since the advent and adoption of vaccination. This is money that would have otherwise been used in getting medical attention and buying medication. Other amounts would have been used in developing medicines and research that goes with it.

The cons.

  1. Susceptibility of new born babies in the event mothers have used